The cultural landscapes of the Hajar Region are complex terrains which have been formed, on the one hand, by its hard rock geology, sedimentary history, hydrology and climate and, on the other hand, by the religious and social beliefs over time of its inhabitants, together with their varied responses to its environmental constraints.


In consequence, the region’s landscape sites contain a wealth of archaeological remains that demonstrate:

  • Human interaction with the environment.
  • The ancient oasis towns and the falaj systems that both created and sustained them.
  • The continuity of the oasis phenomenon to the present day.
  • The socio-religious beliefs of the oasis dwellers as revealed by their monumental circular platforms and extensive cemeteries of beehive/turret tombs.
  • The importance of trade to a region rich in copper, manganese and other natural resources, as indicated by the presence of tombs of visiting traders, by clear evidence of contacts with Mesopotamia, Iran and the Indus Civilization and by the sites with evidence of copper or manganese production.